“One Russian to be Thankful for” – Vasili Arkhipov


Vasili Alexandrovich Arkhipov man who saved the world

The Story of Vasili Arkhipov

This story came to me via Quora, I’d never heard about this man before now but understood right away his life impacted my own and the rest of the world. Some of you may have heard about him others maybe not, either way I’m going to present it to you just the way I got it.
Archives Cuban Missile Crisis

Khrushchev and Kennedy During the Missile Crisis

A Soviet naval officer during the Cuban Missile Crisis, he countermanded a superior’s orders to launch nuclear torpedos, thus averting a catastrophic nuclear war. Thomas Blanton (then-director of the National Security Archive) said: “A guy called Vasili Arkhipov saved the world.”
USS Epperson (DDE-719), center, and USS Sarsfield (DD-837), at right. Dropping depth charges during anti-submarine warfare exercises

Trying to get the Russian Sub to Surface

At the height of the Cuban Missile Crisis, a group of 11 United States Navy destroyers and the aircraft carrier USS Randolph located the diesel-powered nuclear-armed Soviet Foxtrot-class submarine B-59 near Cuba. Despite being in international waters, the Americans started dropping practice depth charges, explosives intended to force the submarine to come to the surface for identification. There had been no contact from Moscow for a number of days and, although the submarine’s crew had earlier been picking up U.S. civilian radio broadcasts, once B-59 began attempting to hide from its U.S. Navy pursuers, it was too deep to monitor any radio traffic, so those on board did not know whether war had broken out. The captain of the submarine, Valentin Grigorievitch Savitsky, believing that a war might already have started, wanted to launch a nuclear torpedo.
Soviet_b-59_submarine

Standing Firm is Important

Three officers on board the submarine had to agree unanimously to authorize the launch: Captain Savitsky; the political officer Ivan Semonovich Maslennikov; and the second-in-command Arkhipov. An argument broke out among the three, with Arkhipov the only holdout against the launch.

movie-scene2

 A Scene We all Recognize

Although Arkhipov was only second-in-command of submarine B-59, he was commander of the entire flotilla of submarines, including B-4, B-36 and B-130, and equal in rank to Captain Savitsky. According to author Edward Wilson, the reputation Arkhipov gained from his courageous conduct in the previous year’s K-19 incident also helped him prevail in the debate. Arkhipov eventually persuaded Savitsky to surface the submarine and await orders from Moscow. This presumably averted the nuclear warfare which could possibly have ensued had the torpedo been fired. The submarine’s batteries had run very low and the air-conditioning had failed, so it was forced to surface amidst its U.S. pursuers and head home. Washington’s message that practice depth charges were being used to signal the submarines to surface never reached B-59, and Moscow claims it has no record of receiving it.

GTY_k19_sub_jtm_131107_16x9_608

 Nuclear Weapons on Cuba were unknown at the time

A Soviet strike against a US warship would have also prompted the American invasion of Cuba. Soviet forces on the island would have followed standing orders to defend themselves with the very effective tactical nuclear weapons they had surreptitiously stationed on Cuban soil for precisely such an eventuality. At the time these events unfolded, even the CIA was completely unaware that such weapons existed 90 miles from their border.

seabomb

 Why Nuclear Weapons really are a good deterrent to War

Of course, there might not have been very much Cuba left to invade. Had the Soviet torpedo vaporized the USS Randolf, nuclear clouds would quickly have spread. The first targets would have been Moscow, London, the airbases of East Anglia and troop concentrations in Germany. The next wave of bombs would have wiped out “economic targets”, a euphemism for civilian populations. An orgiastic Götterdämmerung would have hurled 5,500 nuclear weapons against a thousand targets, including those in non-belligerent states.

Василий Александрович Архипов (30 January 1926 – 19 August 1998)
At this stage in the game, you can best thank your savior by raising a glass to his health. “Ваше здоровье, Василий Александрович!”

 Sources:

 

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6 thoughts on ““One Russian to be Thankful for” – Vasili Arkhipov

  1. Reblogged this on PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS and commented:
    I knew the story from Russian publications. This post clearly shows that mankind could destroy itself in 1962. At the time of the Cuban missile crisis I lived with my family in Moscow and people there were preparing to die.
    Arkhipov prevented launch of a nuclear torpedo without command of the central government. The war was prevented by President J.F. Kennedy and his administration firm stance on removal missiles from Cuba.

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