Life on Tonga
Tonga, an island 1,243 miles northeast of New Zealand, has sparked the world’s attention through the Tongan volcano eruption, resulting in the creation of a new physical island.
On December 20, 2014 about 65 kilometers (40 miles) from the Tonga capital Nuki’alofa,, the Tongan volcano began erupting for the first time in five years.
According to Discovery, the volcano erupted from two separate vents, one located on the uninhabited island of Hunga Ha’apai and the other 100 meters (328 feet) offshore below the water, resulting in a transformation in the Tongan landscape.
“The new island is more than one kilometer (0.6 mile), wide, two kilometers (1.2 miles) long and about 100 meters (328) high,” the ministry said.
“During our observations the volcano was erupting about every five minutes to a height of about 400 meters (1,312 feet), accompanied by some large rocks…as the ash is very wet, most is being deposited close to the vent, building up the new island.”
Located in the Pacific “Ring of Fire,” an area known for its plate collisions creating volcanic and seismic activity, the eruption has killed local vegetation, mostly due to acidic rain and ash remains.
While international flights were cancelled earlier this week due to the concerns over the atmospheric impact, airlines and authorities have declared the skies over the island safe to fly with no concerns about potential debris. See more here.
Life in Russia
Volcanic eruption Flat Tolbachik given its own name. Representative of the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology said that the eruption has been called “crack eruption of the 50th Anniversary of the Institute of Volcanology and Seismology on Tolbachinsky dale” in honor of the anniversary of the Institute.
Previous Tolbachik eruption, which occurred in 1975-1976, respectively, also received the name – “Big Tolbachik Fissure Eruption“. It was the first in the history of Russian science, which is able to predict exactly. As a result of the eruption changed the terrain and killed all living things at a distance of tens of kilometers from the volcano. Generally own names only receive outstanding eruption 29 active volcanoes of Kamchatka, reports “RIA Novosti”. For more see here.