Mirror Reflections – Zambia & Russia


Life in Zambia

The Zambian coat of arms was adopted on the 24th October 1964 when the Republic of Zambia attained its independence. This coat of arms is an adaptation of the arms of the Colony of Northern Rhodesia.

Zambia Coat Arms

Zambia Coat Of Arms

Some people believed that the fish on the arms was a symbol of colonial oppression. The African fish eagle was also misinterpreted by some sections of the colonial community in that the coat of arms had depicted an eagle (symbol of freedom) with a dead fish.

From historical times up to modern times, the eagle has been a very prominent feature on the coats of arms of different nations. Several nations have taken the eagle as a national emblem. Some of the countries are: the United States of America (USA), Russia, Ghana (the coat of arms has two eagles), Zambia, Egypt, Mexico and German. See more here.


Life in Russia

The double-headed eagle is the symbol most strongly associated with Russia. However, throughout history it has featured in many cultures around the world, including Ancient Persia, the Holy Roman Empire, the Byzantine Empire, the Venetian Republic, and Scandinavia. The first known appearance of the double-headed eagle in Russia dates to the late 15th century. Ivan III (ruled 1462-1505) made the black double-headed eagle an official emblem of the Russian state and it featured as a design motif in the regalia of the Russian Imperial Court, until the fall of monarchy in 1917. In 1992 the Russian Federation restored it to the state coat of arms. Official and personal coats of arms, stamps, coins, military flags and banners have all used the symbol.

Russia’s Coat of Arms


Historians and philosophers have long wondered how this ancient symbol came to be adopted and have made various suggestions, depending on the political agenda of their day. They have always seen it as a ‘message’ from the nation’s past, as a reference to its origins and traditional values. For example, in Imperial ideology in the mid-19th century, the official view was that Russia took on the double-headed eagle because its Empire was the successor to the Roman and Byzantine Empires. According to this view, Ivan III adopted the double-headed eagle from Byzantium after his marriage to Sophia Paleologue, the daughter of the Byzantine Emperor in 1469. Modern historians and archaeologists consider this story problematic. They argue that the symbol of double-headed eagle appeared in Russia earlier and note that, in Byzantium the double-headed eagle was used as a personal or religious emblem, not as a state emblem. Alternative theories suggest that the Russian rulers adopted the symbol from the Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire, or that the double-headed eagle was introduced to Russia either as an Orthodox Christian symbol or as an ancient pagan symbol, which the Christian church later adopted…………….for more information visit here.

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