Mirror Reflections – Fiji & Russia


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Warriors

These are warriors dressed for battle or dance, displaying a variety of handheld clubs, i-wau. Attention is drawn here to the boar’s tusk ornaments, bati ni vuaka, worn by the men on the left, the form of the sash worn by three of the men, and the skirts, likuvau, made from pleated lengths of the bark of hibiscus tiliaceus.

Life in Fiji

2 – There are two major ethnic groups in Fiji- indigenous Fijians and Indo-Fijians. Indigenous Fijians are descended from Melanesian voyagers who arrived in the islands hundreds of years ago. Indo-Fijians are descended from indentured laborers who arrived in the late 19th century to work on sugar cane plantations and stayed in Fiji after their indentures expired.

837,271 – Roughly the total population of Fiji (as of 2007)

57% – Percentage of indigenous Fijians in Fiji

37% – Percentage of Indo-Fijians in Fiji

6%- Percentage of ‘Other’ races in Fiji

Life Expectancy:

61.4- years of age for men

65.2 years of age for women

70%- Percentage of the population with access to piped water supply, but many rural villages and settlements in the interior and outer islands rely on diesel generators or have no electricity.

8%- Roughly 8% of households have an annual income of less than $3,000

To learn more visit: http://myfijiadventure.wordpress.com/about-fiji/

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Life in Russia

Introduction.

The Eskimo are actually a vast group of related ethnic groups who live in an area stretching from the Siberian Arctic across Canada to Greenland. Each small group uses its own self designation (the word Eskimo, popularly used in English to refer to the entire complex of these tribes, derives from Algonquin, the language of the Indians of Eastern Canada, and has the meaning “eaters of raw flesh”). Eskimo groups in Siberia call themselves Yupigyt, a term which means “authentic people” (from yuk, person) It has become more customary for ethnographers to refer to them as Siberian Yupik (instead of “Siberian Eskimo”). In the past they have also been known as Asiatic Eskimos. The Eskimos of Alaska’s St. Lawrence Island belong to the same cultural group as Siberian Yupik.

Traditional ways of life.

The Yupik, like their cousins on the other side of the Bering Strait, are famous for their sea hunting culture. The products of sea hunting and fishing satisfied all economic needs of the Yupik. Meat and fat, especially from whales, seal and walrus, were used for human sustenance and as food for the dogs employed as pack animals. The Yupik owned no reindeer.

Walrus were hunted in a flat-bottomed, open leather boat (angyapik) as well as in closed, leather canoes (kayaks) with the help of a harpoon tied to a sealskin float. A special whalebone clapper was used to simulate the sound of a killer whale, which drove the walrus and seal onto land where other hunters were waiting with spears and clubs. Whale hunting occurred less often, as one whale supplied an entire village with oil and meat for an entire year.

Though the following link is about the Alaskan Yupik, it still represents the culture of the people that are quickly fading in modern society. Young filmmaker, Dmitry Trakovsky, has been working on a very exciting project: A documentary on the Orthodox Yup’ik people of Alaska. Here’s how Trakovsky describes the film on his fundraising page at Kickstarter.com:

For more visit: http://pandora.cii.wwu.edu/vajda/ea210/aleut.htm

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