Arkaim: (Prehistoric CitadelCulture).
Twenty of the spiral-shaped settlements, believed to be the original home of the Aryan people, have been identified, and there are about 50 more suspected sites. They all lie buried in a region more than 640km long near Russia’s border with Kazakhstan.
The ancient Ural fortress Arkaim located in the Chelyabinsk region is often called the “Russian Stonehenge.” In addition to streets and buildings scientists have found remnants of a water system, metallurgic furnaces, and mines. It is also said to be one of the strongest ‘anomaly zones’ in Russia.
The remains have been dated to c. 2000-1600 B.C. (Gening, Zdanovich 1993, Zdanovich 1995, 1997) (4)
In 1987, Arkaim valley in the Southern Urals was going to be flooded and turned into an artificial lake. But before that would happened archaeologists were given a year to find out about the mysterious circles. When archaeologists begun to work they found out that those circles were Arkaim’s settlements! It was a sensation! Arkaim is not only a settlement, but it is also a temple and an astronomic observatory! It was round and was 160 meters in diameter. It was surrounded by a ditch that was filled with water. An outside wall was very massive, the height was 5.5 meters and width was 5 meters. The wall had four gates. The largest gate was south-west gate. All the buildings were shaped in half rounds and were connected to the outside wall. Each building had exit to the main street in the city.
Arkaim was built with four entrances to the city strictly oriented at cardinal points. It was built according to a previously designed plan, with a high level of precision. All circumferences have one centre where all radial feeders meet together. (3) The residential area of the fortress boasted advanced amenities considering the time it was built in. The pavement made of thick logs hid a sewage system. Two round one-storey houses positioned along the perimeter between the two fortified walls comprised separate apartments, a hundred or more square meters each. In addition to several rooms, each apartment had a hearth and a well. In the very centre of the city-fortress was a square where religious rites were performed.
The first city, known as Arkaim, was discovered in 1989, soon after the soviet authorities allowed non-military aerial photography for the first time. The full extent of the remains is only now becoming apparent. Items that have so far been dug up include many pieces of pottery covered in swastikas, which were widely used ancient symbols of the sun and eternal life. (3)
The shape of each of the cities, which are mainly in the Chelyabinsk district, are circular, divided into segments with a uniform street plan. The settlements, which would each have housed about 2000 people are all surrounded by a ditch and have a square in the middle. (3)
Reconstruction of Arkaim Citadel
The city was destroyed completely by fire. Among the archaeological finds there are no human remains or bones of domestic animals. No valuables, no jewellery, no religious objects.
Tradition and Folklore in the Arkaim Region:
Arkaim is interesting not only as a historic monument. It is reported to be one of the strongest ‘anomaly’ zones in Russia.
Locals believe it to be a sacred place. Pilgrims come here all year round to get some healing water from the Bolshaya Karaganka River, and in the summer they coat themselves with clay. They say it helps treating skin diseases.
The mountains surrounding the fortress are also unusual. The most famous one is Shamanka (or Bold Mountain). People climb to its top to get some positive energy, pray or meditate. People in serious medical condition are brought there for healing. Visitors come to the top of Repentance Mountain to ask for forgiveness. Love Mountain is believed to bring personal luck. The nearby Male Forest is visited by women who have relationship problems. The rumour has it, a walk in this forest will make a woman popular with men. The growth near Grachinaya Mountain (also called Blessed) is infamous. Birch trunks there are abnormally crooked at the bottom. They say people cannot stay there for too long, otherwise they risk losing their mind. (1)
The similarity of latitude, date, and size led some astronomers (Bystrushkin 2003) to compare Arkaim with Stonehenge in England. According to their claims, the Neolithic observatory at Stonehenge allowed for observation of 15 astronomical phenomena using 22 elements, whereas the contemporaneous observatory at Arkaim allowed for observation of 18 astronomical phenomena using 30 elements. They include sunsets and sunrises on the days of equinox and solstice, as well as sunsets and sunrises during low and high Moon. (1)
The precision of measurements in Stonehenge is estimated at 10 arc-minutes to a degree, that in Arkaim being put at 1 arc-minute. (2)
- Lake Karachay – Russia’s Beauty and Beast (hague6185.wordpress.com)