10 LOCATION: Recipes Stroganov Palace
Stroganov Palace was always generous with his findings . During the restoration of the children found the sword , which , perhaps , learned to fence the son of a graph. Then he found a French shoe , Russian bast , a pencil in the box, pipes and pieces of stove tiles . But no one expected the cellar under the kitchen and keeps secrets. It was here that workers found a page from an unknown cookbook with recipes (for further study has shown that this is the book ” Cookery Art” , published in 1902 ) . Page numbers are not in order, on the one – sauces, on the other – pâté, on the third – cakes. Difficult to read recipes , lists almost decayed . However, in the Public Library this unique Cook Book – in excellent condition. Terrine of puff pastry with crawfish , chicken or wild game meat . The sauce – an Indian plant with Madeira or rum , flowers, violets and roses , filled with milk . And yet – a sweet, peach , who may have brought from the Stroganov greenhouses . Fruits are invited to bring to the boil with the vanilla and butter. Why are these recipes have been taken out of the book and tucked away in a safe place? Perhaps the answer to this question we will never know
9 LOCATION: HOUSE founder of the city
In Astrakhan Kremlin , archaeologists discovered the remains of three buildings of the second half of the XVI century , in one of which allegedly lived the first Russian settlers – the founders of the city. This is not a palace, and wood buried in the ground dwelling poluzemlyanochnogo type. One of them – the dugout . The second apartment building scholars date the first half of the seventeenth century. The third building – this is the barn , which discovered reserves of grain, hand-mill with millstones fully assembled , the whole utensils . There’s also found some elements of the interior , in particular , a bench and a table, on the table – dishes, which was damaged in a fire that took place in Astrakhan in 1623. Ministry of Culture of the Astrakhan region was put forward two proposals for the preservation and display of detected dwellings that offer a rare opportunity to understand and reconstruct the daily livelihoods of the population at that time. The original purpose of the archaeological work in the territory of the Astrakhan Kremlin – the study of the layer of earth , but now , according to the scientists , the issue of expanding the area of excavation. Nakhodka is too much interest to continue research on the original plan .
8 LOCATION: Birch bark CONSPIRACY
2012 proved fruitful for birch bark in Novgorod – over the summer months of field work , archaeologists Novgorod archaeological expedition found the 32 letters , the majority of which belongs to the second half of the XII century. Among the documents found greatest interest was the charter number 1022, which was written a magical plot . “Christ voskresmertiyu ( rose with death may have missed a combined consciously or syllable , then it is Risen Christ or Christ Resurrected ) . Death on the death occurred ( trampling death by death ) . Shihan Angel. Shihan Angel. Shihan Angel . ” The strength of the triple repetition – in the magical effects . Empowered appeal to the Angel Sihailu . Shihan acts as the savior of a fever . For the entire ’61 excavations found 3 plot : two – 12th century , and one – the 14th century. All of them mentioned the Angel Shihan as the title character , a cult Shihan was unusually active in Novgorod. Interesting and diploma in 1020 : here a man with a Christian name Oleksha appeals to greedy, wearing the pre-Christian name. “From Oleksha to greedy . You believe in bread. It was Hotoslava E Hryvnia take. Open the door and rearranged. And that straightened out . The cow will tell him . ” Oleksha writes that he has Hotoslav hryvnia. But when he came for duty , it appeared that Hotoslav died . And Oleksha asks Zhadena help him get his money . He reports that Hotoslava cow is, and so they let the cow will give him . Probably just a cow and cost 1 UAH at the time
7 LOCATION: PARKING LOT OF PEOPLE HOMO ERECTUS
In Dagestan, archaeologists have found the most ancient human settlement on the territory of Russia – parking lot of people who lived 2 million years ago. Who was the bearer of such an ancient culture, scientists still can not tell. The remains of the people themselves, who inhabited the area, have not yet discovered. However, in some respects, scientists believe that this could be the kind of person called Homo erectus (upright man). Homo erectus – came from Africa, they are actively developing planet. After crossing the Caucasus Mountains, entered the Caucasus, but they stop the beginning of the great glaciers. And since the caves were not here, it is in Pyatigorye primitive people found favorable conditions for living. Ancient site at daggers – just the beginning of a long historical chain. Parking lot, found in central Dagestan, are named Aynikab, 1 and 2, Muhkay, 1 and 2, Gegalashur, 1-3. They belong to the earliest era of human history – oldovanu.
6 LOCATION: “STEPNOY STONEHENGE”
At 60 kilometers from Elista, scientists have found a dolmen: an ancient structure, which is a few set vertically into the ground oblong stones. The discovery has been dubbed the “Stonehenge of the Steppe“, although, according to scientists, this dolmen on a thousand years older than the famous stone structure in England. Also inside the cromlech was found an ancient tomb in the steppe. Remains found in this burial is likely to say archaeologists belong to the shepherd. And apparently, it was a very respected man. Laid out around his tomb stones in some circles, and their total weight is about a ton, were brought here from the sand pit, located 7 km from here.
5 LOCATION: UNKNOWN CITY
The flooding of the reservoir bed Boguchan power plant in the Krasnoyarsk region began. Therefore, the outgoing year , archaeologists Irkutsk region have decided to use the total – were held lengthy and extensive research on the sites, which will be permanently flooded by the waters of the new ” man-made sea .” In the flood zone ” boguchanki ” worked 11 archaeological teams that were on different sites for over 50 km . The most interesting find – an ancient town in horse-drawn creek. As scientists believe , in the Bronze Age there was a small town area of 30,000 square meters – Scientists have found 43 houses. Until now, the objects of cultural heritage in the middle reaches of the Angara deemed temporary ancient man . However, those who lived in this town – is still unknown . Scientists do not even know who they were – Caucasians or Mongoloids . There are now excavated 45 burials – almost all with valuable archaeological finds, with a clear influence of the culture of the Scythians. However, among the finds there are quite unique things : such as, a shaman mask made out of human skulls . Also, scientists have found for the first time in the history of jade adze ( a carpenter’s tool , resembling an ax, but , in contrast, has an ax blade and perpendicular ) . Overall, in the flood zone of the projected reservoir Boguchansky identified 101 archaeological heritage.
4 LOCATION: HELMET Roman legionary
Roman legionary helmet was found in the Rostov region in laying the highway Rostov-Taganrog. Next to the wreckage and found the remains of the scabbard, apparel, garments, and the typical accoutrements of a Roman soldier of the Roman republic. Archaeologists find introduced into a stupor – anything like that before in these parts not found. Moreover, that helmet – Celtic type that was common in the I-II centuries BC = that is, long before the moment when the Romans began to recruit nomadic Sarmatians to serve in the armed forces of the empire. How then Rimko armor came to the banks of the Don? Scientists have only one explanation: this is someone’s lost treasure after Rostov had just been founded on the ancient crossroads of trade routes between Europe and Asia. According to another version of archaeologists, a Roman detachment was attacked by one of those trade caravans, but received a rebuff, and the dead warrior-leader and was left lying on the ground in the Don century.
3rd PLACE: Ancient of dentures
The oldest dental prosthesis in the history of civilization has been found by experts Eastern Bosporus archaeological expedition of the Institute of Archaeology RAS near Anapa . In mound Catacomb culture archaeologists have excavated a joint burial : the remains of the men and women 30-35 years old ( 22-35 years) who were living in the most prime of the Bronze Age – that is, at the end of the II millennium BC The family , of course, belonged to the nobility : in the grave were found a bronze beads and coins , as well as ceramics , also, during the funeral ceremony of the body were covered with ocher. After the examination, the skull man turned out – his boss is in the Bronze Age had an artificial prosthesis. The lower jaw buried traces strong periodontitis , which has led to a complete loss – posterior molars and their overgrowing cells ( alveolar ) on both sides. On the left side of the jaw has been found mirror smooth surface of greenish left molars. Close to the surface has an oval shape measuring 24 × 12 mm. A possible explanation of the origin of the surface – the presence on it of the dentures , which has been used for a long time (perhaps for years ) , as shown by the growth of bone tissue and pritersya to the jaw . ) Remains unclear method of fixing the prosthesis. However , a small amount of oxidation products of copper on the skull , a relatively good safety equipment, as well as considerations of ease of handling and use of the prosthesis suggest that it was made of bone with attachment of copper-based alloy
2nd PLACE: GOLD Naryshkin
A rare treasure discovered in the spring of this year, workers Naryshkins redecorated mansion in the center of St. Petersburg. Treasures were hidden in a tiny secret room between the joists of the second and third floors . 40 boxes , boxes and coffers had a seating capacity of more than two thousand items : dishes , silverware , antique chandeliers , jewelry and awards. Most of the items were wrapped in pieces of cloth , kitchen aprons and newspapers dating back to the year 1917 – to all appearances , the treasure hid Lieutenant Luba , who was a distant relative of the Naryshkin , and after the October coup, he fled to France . It must be said that the treasures were hidden well – over the past century they have not been found , although the mansion during the Soviet years has repeatedly passed from hand to hand: for the longest time there was a dining room for engineers. Interestingly, after the restoration of the first floor is also planning to find a restaurant , and the second – a cultural center for exhibitions and conferences. Perhaps , after the completion of part of the building will be dedicated to the exhibition of the treasure. It remains an open question as to who will get the treasure : the state or the likely heir, who , according to Russian immigrants living in France?
1 LOCATION : GOLD Venet
1 LOCATION : GOLD Venet
In principle , these unique treasures of Slavic jewelers III century BC were found ” black diggers ” before last year, but that’s only a scientist about this discovery became known in the summer of 2012 – thanks to the vigilance of the FSB in the Bryansk region , which stopped the smuggling of ” treasure Veneti ” abroad. As a result , ” diggers” okazalis s in jail, and treasure – at the State Historical Museum , and now scientists can only speculate on what the “unnecessary” from the market point of view (but invaluable for science ) artifacts were destroyed by greedy ” diggers “. However , survivors and jewelry items will be enough and that would make a real revolution in the science of history . So the treasure was found somewhere in the Bryansk region – in the southern part, in the valley of the river Desna. Total “black diggers” vytaschidli of land 150 items – treasure includes several complexes bronze ornaments , both female and male , including those relating to the horse harness . Among them – the head- beaters , hryvnia , breast chains, brooches ( fasteners for clothing ) , bracelets , pendants, glass beads, relating to the III century AD – it was at this time on the territory of modern Russia with the West and the South began to penetrate the first Slavic immigrants , which Byzantine chroniclers called “Veneto” . Much of the bronze objects decorated or engraved decoration of pitted enamel – mostly opaque glass of red – such ornaments have been found in tombs of Slavic leaders from the Baltic Sea to central Russia . But first it was thought that in the III century AD, the Slavs have not yet arrived in Russia , but now scientists will have to rewrite the history of many of the students . It is also necessary to revise views on the technical knowledge of our ancestors – among researchers found fragments of ornaments spring scissors. Another interesting find : a bronze mirror Sarmatian origin made by the Chinese protitipu , indicating a fairly early international contacts . One way or another , but ucheniki have to rewrite .